The most common source of nutrients for the human body is in the form of edible foods. The chemicals which are present in the foods are known as nutrients and there are different types of them. In order to understand the relationship between the chemical substances in the food and the physiological functions of the human body, the science of nutrition is used. Major nutrients depend upon the type of food we eat because each food item contains different types of nutrients that have a changing chemical structure. These different chemical makeups of these food elements give them their respective properties.
The issue of healthy diet has remained prominent in the history of mankind and different theories and developments have been posed on it. There is a famous saying that ‘a man is what he eats’ and it holds absolutely true sense. If you eat healthy foods that contain a good amount of essential nutrients then you are going to remain healthy. On the other hand if you eat food that is not considered healthy or edible, your body will become weak and you will become sick because unhealthy food does not contain any of the essential nutrients as prescribed by health doctors or top level nutritionists.
Healthy diet is one of the most important factors that help an individual keep his health from failing. A person who eats good food or a healthy diet is bound to be more healthy and energetic from those persons who are not eating healthy foods. A healthy diet is known to help in reducing the risks of many chronic diseases like diabetes, obesity, cancer, heart disease and hypertension. All of these health risks can be countered by consuming a healthy diet that is more beneficial. A healthy diet consists of consuming those kinds of foods that are rich in essential nutrients and also ample intake of water.
There are many food types which come under the heading of healthy eating and contain essential nutrients that are required by the body in order to sustain life activities. Fruits and vegetables are considered to be an important cradle of essential nutrients and vitamins that are crucial for a healthy living. Most of the health experts recommend that an individual must eat five portions of assortment of fruits and vegetable in a day. Another food type that is considered important is animal meat. Meat contains a lot of protein and fiber that is essential for the growth and development of human body and is also required for the repair of the body.
Considering the two examples of Person A and Person B that are given in the case, it can be clearly seen that the situation surrounding the both of them is completely different. Person A is living quite a lavish life in Dubai where she has the opportunities presented to her on her doorstep and is an avid eater of food. On the other hand, person B belongs to a more traditional and poorer background and has to work really hard in order to attain the food for her household. The different physiological, psychological, sociological, political and economic factors vary in their lifestyles by a large margin.
Talking in terms of physiological factors, it would seem that person A has much lesser need for energy or food when compared to person B. This is because person A works in the bank and comes home by 2:00 pm max and after that supervises the dinner. On the other hand, person B wakes up early in the morning and is tasked with preparing breakfast for her family by grounding the wheat herself. After that, she grows her own food like fruits and vegetables and even enlists the help of her daughters. She also bears responsibility of bringing water to her home which is a great burden. Comparing these two situations, it means that person A body has less physiological nutrients need as compared to person B. This is because person B is more active and performs large workload. Comparing both their diets, person A is consuming a lot more than what is required by her body which is sort of unhealthy while person B only consumes the essential amount.
Psychological needs of nutrients or diet is somewhat different from the physiological needs. Person A is more of a free spirit when it comes to her diet plans because she likes to try out new food types and is avid eater of different types of food groups. Although she belongs to an Arab culture, she and her husband enjoy many other types of cuisines too because it’s a hobby of theirs to try out different foods. The dietary plan of person B is more limited by the choice because she lives in an underdeveloped area and her household budget is not enough to allow her to eat what she likes. She is psychologically limited to eating only the essential amount of food that is required to sustain her living.
The factor of sociological needs in the dietary plan of an individual also matters a lot. Person A is living in a highly developed country where people enjoy eating lots of different food types. Since she lives in this kind of society, her dietary actions are also somewhat molded by it. It is also described in the scenario that she likes to treat her family on different occasions like Eid and Ramadan which is the projection of the fact that the society around her does the same. On the other hand person B lives in an underdeveloped society where getting essential and basic food items means a lot to the people. Considering her outlying society, person B also fits perfectly in that society’s typical eating lifestyle and only consumes what is required. Any extra food item that they are able to grow is sold in the market for monetary benefits. Contrasting both the scenarios, it would seem that both of the persons are highly affected by the type of society that they live in and their dietary habits are also a part of that.
The political factor is not as much accounted for this in scenario because the dietary habits of both these persons are not affected by it. The most important point here to consider is that politics only affect the overall society of a nation and then the society in turn affects the individuals that are living in them. Therefore politics is not directly related to the eating habits of both Person A and Person B. Both the persons have different dietary needs and in contrast with the political situations of their surroundings, it is evident that person A enjoys a more lavish dietary plan then person B.
Economic factors play a crucial role in the eating habits of individuals. The buying power of the consumer is able to determine as to what kind of food the individual can buy and how much he or she can utilize it. Looking at the situation of person A, it can be clearly seen that she is living a sound economic life and there are no monetary or budget constraints for her. These types of economic conditions allow here to try out as many different types of food cuisines that she likes and it also contributes in her uncertainty of a proper diet plan. It is clear by the scenario that person A does not follow any clear cut or laid out dietary plan and infect looking at her situation, it would also seem that she does not care for it. This also sometimes contributes to her unhealthy eating habits. On the other hand, the economic situation of person B is somewhat more limited and she does not enjoy all the luxuries that person A does. Person B only consumes the required amount of food that is mandatory for the functioning of her body and she also has to look after and feed her kids and husband. There are no readily available sources of food for person B and she sometimes has to grow her own food in order to compensate for the shortage. Scarcity of water also disables here healthy eating habit because water also contains some essential nutrients required by the body.
Considering the information presented above, it can be summarized that person A is leaning towards more of an unhealthy diet in contrast to person B. Taking in account the love of food of person A and her eating habits, one cannot help but wonder that is she really consuming a healthy diet. The scenario given describes that she loves to try new types of food cuisines and does not miss any chance of lunch at her family on Friday. This phenomenon gives the outlook of overeating and it certainly cannot be considered as a healthy diet. The case of person B is strikingly different from person A because the situation and environment surrounding her is totally different. Her lifestyle is more active and vigorous which requires her to work daily on different matters. She grounds the wheat into flour on her own and is also responsible for bringing water to her household. Food items like corn and other vegetables are also grown by her in order to compensate for the food shortage. Her dietary habits are somewhat more strict and restricted and she only consumes what she needs without opting for overeating. This makes her diet plan healthier when compared with person A.
As recommended by different health and nutrition experts, it is very important for a person to follow a healthy diet because in alliance with good exercise, it can guarantee a healthy lifestyle for an individual. A healthy diet is one which has a perfect balance of essential macro nutrients, calorie level to support any kind of energy need and the inclusion of micronutrients that are responsible for meeting the human body requirements without converting to any kind of toxicity or hazardous material. List of healthy diet items are usually formed to promote certain aspects of healthy lifestyles and these health diets are responsible for transforming the fitness of an individual from average to excellent. Any individual that is looking to gain advantage in his daily performance of activities should intake a healthy diet plan with good exercise.
A typical healthy diet plan includes certain nutrients that are responsible for keeping the body of an individual fit and active. A healthy diet plan mainly consists of the following factors:
An ideal energy balance should be achieved in regards with the weight
Food items that contain extra fat should be cut down and yield of energy should be shifted to other sources like unsaturated fats and the consumption of elements containing trans-fatty acids.
Vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts and legumes should be consumed more.
Iodized salt should be used in food items.
Simple sugar should also be limited in consumption.
If we follow the above mentioned simple steps, we can certainly make our lifestyle healthier and the eating habits can also be improved.