A Comparative Analysis Of Politics In Australia History Essay

Published: 2021-07-20 11:55:04
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Prepared for: Dr. Joe Zhou Peng
Submitted: 27 April 2013
Prepared by:
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Australia and South Korea
Introduction
This paper analyses the political, legal and cultural structures of Australia and South Korea. This paper is divided in two parts. Part 1 explains and analyses the political/legal, economic and social-cultural issues in Australia and South Korea and Part 2 describes the situation of a manager who has just moved to a country for 3 years with his spouse and children.
There are many differences in the structure of ownership and corporate governance among countries these differences have continued to grow in the past half century in spite of convergence in business practices and economies. The ever changing and increasing corporate scandals and managerial misbehaviour has brought a lot of attention to political, legal and cultural structures. Due to this, each country have their own laws to protect their people, economy and interests (La Porta et.al , 2002).
Political/legal, economic and social-cultural issues in Australia
Political/Legal
Australia is democratic country and operates on the fundamental belief in the justice, rule of law and the independence of the judiciary (Dfat.gov, 2013). It has a multicultural society, comprising of people from many countries and are all treated equally. It has 9 legal systems, the 8 territory and state systems and 1 federal system. Australia has a federal system, where the constitution divides the power between federal and state government (Australia.gov.au, 2013). Due to this, the financial and political relationship between the federal government and state government is an ongoing concern.
Economic
Cost of living, interest rates, GNP trends, inflation, business cycles and unemployment levels should be considered when analysing economic factors (Johnson, Scholes & Whittington, 2005). Australia has one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Australia has the highest exports of farm products and it exports about 65% of it. At least 3% of its GDP is supported by agriculture, consumes about 60% of land and water. In 2005-06 Australian GDP reached $922, a total of 2.8 per cent increase than the previous year, it had a GDP of more than $44,000 per person that year with more than ten million employed (abs.gov, 2013). At least 8 per cent of the gross domestic product is accounted by mining industry and it has contributed over 500 billion directly to the wealth for the past twenty years.
Social-Cultural
It is a multi-cultured society; it is located between the South Pacific ocean and Indian ocean and has Canberra as its capital. It has a population of 23 million (abs.gov.au, 2013) which includes 26 per cent of Roman Catholic, 26 per cent of Anglicans, 24 per cent other Christians. The primary language spoken in the country is English. Aborinals are considered as the initial population of Australia, there was a heavy migration from Europe after the Second World War, mostly from Germany, Greece and Italy. Australia actively promotes migration to boost it work force due to the aging population. It has opened up its borders to South East Asia and has liberalised its immigration policy to attract quality migrants.
Political/legal, economic and social-cultural issues in South Korea
Political/Legal
South Korea has been politically very stable since the time it separated from the North and became a democratic country. However, North Korea remains a strong challenge and a threat to South Korea due to North Korea’s unstable political situation. Korea was divided in North and South at the end of the Second World War in 1948 (Cordesman, 2002)
The South Korean judicial system comprises the following.
The Constitutional court of South Korea
The Supreme court of South Korea
Six high courts
13 district courts
And many courts that specialize in jurisdiction such as administrative court and family court.
As a democratic country, South Korea practices freedom of press, speech, assembly and religion. The primary driver of the South Korean government and its establishment has been the United States. South Korea shares a great relationship with America through a strong military alliance (Cordesman, 2002) which was formed in 1953. Due to constant threat from North Korea, South Korea established an alliance with the United States and have been participated in the Iraq and Vietnam war (Oberdorfer, 1997). Since the Korean war, the South Korean economy has grown rapidly and it is placed eleventh in the world as the largest economy (Cordesman, 2002). The president, judiciary and legislature share the powers and it is considered as stable & democratic country. President is the head of the state and is elected for 5 years by direct popular vote. The president has considerable executive powers in addition to being the commander in chief of the army. Grand democratic party (DP) and Uri party are the two main political parties of South Korea.
Economic
It has a somewhat inflexible labor market and a low unemployment level, which is 3.7 per cent. It is a very affluent and stable country and has a GDP of $22,778. Its trade terms are favourable and have many free trade arrangements as it produces and exports telecommunication products, electronics, and automobiles and has a large ship manufacturing industry. South Korea has a well-educated work force and an open economy which will help it accelerate the growth. Its high capacity for innovation has helped them grow in the electronics industry; it exports a great number of electronic items such as smartphones, televisions and household electronic goods. In 1997, due to its structural weakness in the financial sector, South Korea briefly fell in a financial crisis. However, changes in financial and economic reforms helped South Korea to recover quickly and it saw a heavy growth in the following year. Some of the South Korean brands such as Hyundai, LG and Samsung have gained recognition worldwide. South Korean culture is very secular and it is oriented toward technology. Since the 1990s the South Korean entertainment industry has grown extensively (Oberdorfer, 1997).
Prior to 1987, South Korea was subjected through a series of autocratic regimes and now it is a multi-party democracy (Oberdorfer, 1997). Even though it is a democratic, it continues to struggle with aspects of its twentieth century history, under both military and Japanese rule. The allegations of human rights and corruption continue despite numerous efforts to reform.
Socio-Cultural
South Korea has Seoul as its capital and has a population of 48 million (as of 2005 est). The primary language is Korean and some of their distinct physical characteristics differentiate the Koreans from other Asians. South Korea is bordered by North Korea and is located in East Asia. Seoul has one third of the Korean population (Cordesman, 2002) and the population is mostly ethnic Korean which comprises of Buddhists and Christians. North and South Korea share the same traditional culture. South Korean is strongly influenced by the Chinese culture and have adopted many forms of Chinese art (Cordesman, 2002).
Relocating to Australia
I would first find out whether my family is comfortable with relocating to Australia. Australia is an English speaking country and wouldn’t be much of a problem getting around the country. I would work out the essentials; find out the best transport, route for work and schools for kids, emergency contacts and local real estate agents to find out what the rental market is like.
Some of the things that an individual must know before travelling to Australia are as follows.
Cost of living
Culture (food, people and history)
Real estate (For renting house)
Schooling requirements of Children
Transport
Employee incentives or Travel assistance from the employer
Those are some of the main things to pay attention before relocating to Australia. Because Australia is a democratic country and has very strong and stable political and legal system, it would be lot safer country to live in. I would try to contact people whom I know are living or have lived in Australia to discuss more about the living in Australia. I would find out what I would need to take from my home country, whether taking all the household material will be cheaper than shopping for them in Australia.
I would also find out job opportunities for my spouse and possibly help my spouse look for a job before we move. Relocating to a new country and new position offers potential career growth, I will need to find out whether the salary I get paid is comparable to the cost of living in Australia. Considering the family with two young children, it could be very expensive to live in Australia. My salary maybe more than enough to have a good life where I am living presently, but I will need to find out whether it will be enough or not for living in cities like Sydney. I will research from grocery costs to property taxes to get the best idea of what the cost of living is going to be like in Australia.
I would need to find out what assistance I would get from the employer so that I could decide how much it would cost for my relocation. There will be some direct costs and a lot of out of pocket costs involved in the moving.
I will also find out the working conditions in Australia and possible what sort of assistance I will get from the company for relocating to Australia. I will find out how well the branch in Australia is doing and learn more about the way things are done there. Finding out more about the company in Australia and what needs to be learnt is very important.
Apart from finding out the obvious things, I will also find out what incentives the new location holds in terms of life. I would try and organise temporary living arrangements, such as
Find a temporary accommodation when I arrive at my location.
Research transport options from the accommodation to work.
Research on childcare or new schools for my children and possible register them prior to arrival.
Organise travel insurance
I will need to find out about the community. Because I won’t be working for 24hours a day and 7 days a week, the kind of community I am moving to makes a difference. I will need to find out about the suburbs, the ones that are closer to city and are quiet and are closer to child care centres. Find out the activities for family, kids and recreational facilities.
I would find out how the others who have relocated have handled the transition. I would contact someone who has relocated to Australia or any other country and know what and how they did it. Finding out what the weather will be and how bad or well it is also important, because I have 2 pre-school children a sudden change in weather could affect their health. Climate is both financial consideration and quality of life issue. Cold weather makes people stay indoors and increases the utilities costs, maintenance of home, vehicles, and clothing. A very hot summer can also do the same. I will also assess the disaster risks, severe weather like ice storms, floods, snow and hurricanes are some major risks.
I would possible visit Australia prior to the move and make arrangements before I take my family there, it would make things a lot more easier for the spouse and the children. Reading about the country on a website, book or a pamphlet is no substitute for the real experience. Travelling to the place prior to move will give the exact idea of what it is going to be and what needs to be done. It is not only important to visit but also embed myself in the culture and local area. This will possibly help me develop a perspective of what it would be like to live there.
And finally, saying bye to relatives and friends will be hard, so I would take some time out to meet them all before I move.
Conclusion
Analysing Political/legal, economic and social-cultural issues before relocating to any country is a very important of the relocation process. Although South Korea is an attractive place and a democracy like Australia, it still faces some issues corruption in its judicial systems and lengthy legal process. Australia has a very strong and stable political & legal system, which makes it a safer place for working and living. Australia’s economy is very large and has a greater GDP than South Korea. Considering the factor that Australia is an English speaking country, it would be a lot easier to relocate to Australia than South Korea, where the primary language is Korean.

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